CentOS7安装Oracle11g笔记

  • 下载安装包下载,解压
  • 添加host192.168.192.130 vm_c7
  • 关闭selinux,防火墙
  • 安装依赖包

    1
    yum install gcc make binutils gcc-c++ compat-libstdc++-33elfutils-libelf-devel elfutils-libelf-devel-static ksh libaio libaio-develnumactl-devel sysstat unixODBC unixODBC-devel pcre-devel –y
  • 添加安装用户和组

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    groupadd oinstall
    groupadd dba
    useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
    passwd oracle
    id oracle
  • 修改内核参数配置文件,vim /etc/sysctl.conf,添加内容,执行sysctl -p,其中kernel.shmmax = 1073741824为物理内存的一半

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
    fs.file-max = 6815744
    kernel.shmall = 2097152
    kernel.shmmax = 1073741824
    kernel.shmmni = 4096
    kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
    net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
    net.core.rmem_default = 262144
    net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
    net.core.wmem_default = 262144
    net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
  • 修改用户限制文件vim /etc/security/limits.conf,添加内容:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    oracle           soft    nproc           2047
    oracle hard nproc 16384
    oracle soft nofile 1024
    oracle hard nofile 65536
    oracle soft stack 10240
  • 修改/etc/pam.d/login文件,添加内容:

    1
    2
    session required  /lib64/security/pam_limits.so
    session required pam_limits.so
  • 修改/etc/profile文件,添加内容:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
    if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
    ulimit -p 16384
    ulimit -n 65536
    else
    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
    fi
    fi
  • 创建安装目录

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    mkdir -p /data/oracle/product/11.2.0
    mkdir /data/oracle/oradata
    mkdir /data/oracle/inventory
    mkdir /data/oracle/fast_recovery_area
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /data/oracle
    chmod -R 775 /data/oracle
  • 设置oracle用户的环境变量

    1
    2
    su - oracle
    vim .bash_profile

    添加内容:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    ORACLE_BASE=/data/oracle
    ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0
    ORACLE_SID=ora11
    PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
    export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID PATH
  • 编辑静默安装响应文件

    1
    2
    3
    cp -R /data/oracle/oraclesetup/database/response/ .
    cd response/
    vim db_install.rsp

    设置内容如下:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
    ORACLE_HOSTNAME=CentOS
    UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall
    INVENTORY_LOCATION=/data/oracle/inventory
    SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,zh_CN
    ORACLE_HOME=/data/oracle/product/11.2.0
    ORACLE_BASE=/data/oracle
    oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE
    oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba
    oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=dba
    DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true
  • 根据响应文件静默安装Oracle11g

    1
    2
    cd /data/oracle/oraclesetup/database/
    ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /home/oracle/response/db_install.rsp -ignorePrereq
  • 安装成功后,按照脚本要求,打开终端,执行脚本

    1
    2
    sh /data/oracle/inventory/db_1/orainstRoot.sh
    sh /data/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/
  • 以静默方式配置监听

    1
    netca /silent /responseFile /home/oracle/response/netca.rsp
  • 检查端口是否开启

    1
    netstat -tnulp | grep 1521
  • 以静默方式建立新库,同时也建立一个对应的实例,vim /home/oracle/response/dbca.rsp
    修改配置:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    GDBNAME= "ora11"
    SID =" ora11"
    SYSPASSWORD= " system@2016"
    SYSTEMPASSWORD= "system@2016"
    SYSMANPASSWORD= " system@2016"
    DBSNMPPASSWORD= " system@2016"
    DATAFILEDESTINATION=/data/oracle/oradata
    RECOVERYAREADESTINATION=/data/oracle/fast_recovery_area
    CHARACTERSET= "ZHS16GBK"
    TOTALMEMORY= "1638"
  • 执行配置 dbca -silent -responseFile /home/oracle/response/dbca.rsp

  • 检查实例进程 ps -ef | grep ora_
  • 查看监听状态 lsnrctl status
  • 若找不到监听,修改/data/oracle/product/11.2.0/network/admin/listener.ora,添加

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
      SID_LIST_LISTENER =
    (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
    (GLOBAL_DBNAME = ora11)
    (SID_NAME = ora11)
    )
    )
  • 登录后查看实例 sqlplus / as sysdba,执行sqlSQL> select status from v$instance;

  • 修改 /data/oracle/product/11.2.0/bin/dbstart,将ORACLE_HOME_LISTNER=$1修改为ORACLE_HOME_LISTNER=$ORACLE_HOME
  • 修改 /data/oracle/product/11.2.0/bin/dbshut,将ORACLE_HOME_LISTNER=$1修改为ORACLE_HOME_LISTNER=$ORACLE_HOME
  • 修改/etc/oratab文件,将orcl:/data/oracle/product/11.2.0:N中最后的N改为Y,成为orcl:/data/oracle/product/11.2.0:Y
  • 切换root用户,设置开机启动
  • 设置开机启动

    1
    2
    su -
    vim /etc/rc.d/init.d/oracle

    添加内容:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    16
    17
    18
    19
    20
    21
    22
    23
    24
    25
    26
    27
    28
    29
    30
    31
    32
    33
    34
    35
    36
    37
    38
    39
    40
    41
    42
    43
    44
    45
    46
    47
    48
    49
    50
    51
    52
    53
    #!/bin/bash
    #oracle: Start/Stop Oracle Database 11g R2
    #chkconfig: 345 90 10
    #description: The Oracle Database is an Object-Relational Database ManagementSystem.
    #
    . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
    LOCKFILE=/var/lock/subsys/oracle
    ORACLE_HOME=/data/oracle/product/11.2.0
    ORACLE_USER=oracle

    case "$1" in
    'start')
    if [ -f $LOCKFILE ];then
    echo $0 already running.
    else
    echo -n $"StartingOracle Database:"
    su - $ORACLE_USER -c"$ORACLE_HOME/bin/lsnrctl start"
    su - $ORACLE_USER -c"$ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbstart $ORACLE_HOME"
    su - $ORACLE_USER -c"$ORACLE_HOME/bin/emctl start dbconsole"
    touch $LOCKFILE
    fi
    ;;

    'stop')
    if [ ! -f $LOCKFILE ]; then
    echo $0 already stopping.
    else
    echo -n $"StoppingOracle Database:"
    su - $ORACLE_USER -c"$ORACLE_HOME/bin/lsnrctl stop"
    su - $ORACLE_USER -c"$ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbshut"
    su - $ORACLE_USER -c"$ORACLE_HOME/bin/emctl stop dbconsole"
    rm -f $LOCKFILE
    fi
    ;;

    'restart')
    $0 stop
    sleep 5
    $0 start
    ;;

    'status')
    if [ -f $LOCKFILE ]; then
    echo $1 started.
    else
    echo $0 stopped.
    fi
    ;;
    *)
    echo "Usage: $0[start|stop|status]"
    exit 1
    esac
    exit 0

    修改权限chmod 755 /etc/init.d/oracle

  • 设置开机启动chkconfig oracle on